Environmentals in the Loop

With recent climate change challenges, cyber physical systems are playing an increasingly important role in improving environmental sustainability. Environmentally friendly CPSs support carbon footprint reduction, decarbonization, and greenhouse gas emission reduction through the integration of diverse environmental cost factors and signals in the control loop. Environmental cost signals are typically used in conjunction with economic signals in multi-objective optimization models to control environmental, economic, and technical performance of the integrated CFS. Environmental feedback in multi-criteria decision making toward overall low-carbon system performance has the added advantage of flexible CFS adaptation to dynamic environmental changes.